Italy

Arabic Administration in Norman Sicily: The Royal Diwan by Jeremy Johns

By Jeremy Johns

Jeremy Johns' distinctive examine is the 1st accomplished account of the Arabic management of Norman Sicily. whereas it's often assumed that the Normans inherited their management from the Muslim governors of the island, Johns demonstrates that the Norman kings truly restructured their management to the version of Fatimid Egypt. Controversially, he means that their goal used to be no longer administrative potency, however the projection in their royal photo. This obtainable account of the Norman rulers unearths how they with regards to their opposite numbers within the Muslim Mediterranean.

Show description

Read or Download Arabic Administration in Norman Sicily: The Royal Diwan PDF

Best italy books

Beautiful Antonio

First released in nice Britain as Antonio: the nice Lover 1952
This translation first released by means of Harvill an Imprint of HarperCollins Publishers 1993
Published in Penguin Books 2007

Having spent your time in Rome, Antonio - the handsomest younger guy in Catania - returns to his local city with the attractiveness of being a playboy and with an extended record of amorous adventures at the back of him. to delight his father, Antonio consents to marry the gorgeous Barbara. A yr after their marriage notwithstanding - scandal erupts. Barbara remains to be a virgin! The bride’s kinfolk try and annul the wedding and Antonio’s honour turns out irrevocably misplaced.

Renaissance in Italy

Buy of this e-book contains unfastened trial entry to www. million-books. com the place you could learn greater than 1000000 books at no cost. this can be an OCR variation with typos. Excerpt from ebook: bankruptcy III. THE AGE OF THE DESPOTS. Salient features of the Fourteenth and 15th Centuries in Italy— Relation of Italy to the Empire and to the Church—The Illegitimate identify of Italian Potentates—The unfastened Emergence of Personality—Frederick II.

Otto III

Otto III (980–1002) used to be some of the most strong rulers in Europe within the overdue 10th century. he's additionally probably the most enigmatic. The son of the German emperor Otto II and the Greek princess Theophanu, he got here to the throne on the age of 3 and used to be purely twenty-one years previous on the time of his loss of life.

Extra info for Arabic Administration in Norman Sicily: The Royal Diwan

Sample text

Qnün), or cadastral registers, used to levy the kharj. These were supposed to be compiled twice a year, in the spring and autumn, by cadastral agents, updating the previous cadastral registers for their localities. The qawnın were supposed to register all kharj-lands, and to list for each its name, surface area, crop in the coming fiscal year, position with regard to the Nile flood, and tax-status, which was determined by an assessment of such variables as the nature and estimated yield of the crop to be grown.

CHAPTER 1 ‘In the time of the Saracens …’ ‘Privileges … which, incidentally, have always been misinterpreted …’ On 7 July 1674, the port of Messina, in the north-eastern corner of Sicily, rebelled against Spanish rule. The leaders of the revolt were the wealthy burghers of the city, members of the senatorial class, families whose names were inscribed in the exclusive register of nobility kept in the city archives, oligarchs proud of their right to wear hats in the presence of the viceroy. Their cause was essentially reactionary: to protect their ancient privileges against the perceived liberalism of the Spanish viceroy.

One letter, written before 1020, provides some indication of the rate of the jizya under Kalbid rule. The writer complains about the ‘penalties’ (fioneshım) of four and one-third tarì per head imposed upon the Jews for several years, in addition to the ordinary jizya (mas) of thirteen tarì (‘quarter-dinars’): ‘a great burden of over seventeen tarì. They [the Jews] were sorry and preferred death to life. Most of them are poor and destitute. Through fear of the rulers, many went bankrupt, and unfortunately some fled overseas’.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.45 of 5 – based on 10 votes