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A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery

By Georgina M. Montgomery

A better half to the historical past of yank Science bargains a suite of essays that supply an authoritative review of the latest scholarship at the background of yankee science.

  • Covers subject matters together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, huge technology, army know-how, and more
  • Features contributions by means of the main complete students within the box of technological know-how history
  • Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. background that formed the improvement of technological know-how and technological know-how coverage reminiscent of WWII, the chilly warfare, and the Women’s Rights movement

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Extra resources for A Companion to the History of American Science

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According to Kingsbury (2009), the Scientific Revolution and industrial enlightenment combined to spur on agricultural developments that then further supported the other revolutions and spurred further research in agriculture. First, the Scientific Revolution was built upon the idea that the natural world is orderly (not controlled by capricious deities or inherently disorderly) and is thus knowable. Through scientific inquiry, it is possible to both obtain reliable knowledge about the world around us and to manage nature for the benefit of humans.

Though Boas was a pivotal figure, it is dangerous to hold Boas, Americanist anthropology, and American anthropology itself as synonymous. That metonymy gives way easily to elision, leaving other traditions in the discipline’s past underwritten. Boas himself was born to a Jewish family in Germany and received a PhD in physics from the University of Kiel in 1881. However, he maintained an interest in geography and, after graduating, conducted an expedition to Baffin Island from which he produced a habilitation thesis at Berlin’s Ethnologisches Museum.

Morton was a vehement polygenist, holding not only that “races” were created separately but that on the basis of their morphology they were discernibly inferior. Morton’s polygenesis found widespread support in the antebellum United States, as well as some sympathy abroad. His most notable supporter was Harvard geologist Louis Agassiz (1807–1873), who maintained his adherence to Mortonian polygenesis well after the Darwinian revolution. In the south, his chief adherents were Josiah Nott (1804–1873), an Alabama surgeon and slave owner, and George Gliddon (1809– 1857), a diplomat and Egyptologist.

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