By Mark Dubis
In his research of the Greek textual content of one Peter, Mark Dubis presents scholars with an obtainable advisor via the most tricky syntactic demanding situations of the Greek language. Introducing readers to the latest advancements in grammatical and linguistic scholarship, Dubis comprises an summary of Greek notice order and the development of center voice. In doing so, Dubis is helping scholars internalize the conventions of the Greek language whereas crafting in scholars a maturing urge for food for destiny examine.
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Extra info for 1 Peter: A Handbook on the Greek Text (Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament)
Aor pass ind 2nd pl λυτρόω. ἐκ τῆς ματαίας . . ἀναστροφῆς. c). ὑμῶν. Subjective genitive. πατροπαραδότου. Attributive adjective. Although this may appear to be a predicate adjective, it is not. When an arthrous noun has two or more adjectival modifiers, the intermediate position between the article and noun may become too crowded, forcing at least one of the attributive modifiers to be placed anarthrously after the noun (see BDF §269; Winer, 166; Hort, 76; Culy and Parsons, 261; for other examples, see 3:19-20; 4:12; Eph 2:11; Acts 13:32; 4 Macc 16:20).
Introduces direct discourse. Elliott (2000, 363) attributes the omission of ὅτι as well as other variations in this verse to a scribal discomfort with the frequency of ὅτι (used twice) and the similar διότι. One’s decision here does not affect the meaning. On the meaning of the brackets, see 1:6 on [ἐστὶν]. ἅγιοι ἔσεσθε, ὅτι ἐγὼ ἅγιός [εἰμι]. Most commentators understand this citation to derive from Lev 19:2, the Greek of which (ἅγιοι ἔσεσθε ὅτι ἐγὼ ἅγιος κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὑμῶν; MT: MRkyEhølTa hDwh◊y yInSa vwød∂q yI;k …wyVhI;t MyIvOdVq) most closely aligns with this citation, although very similar language also appears in Lev 11:44-45; 20:7, 26.
As for other grammarians, Robertson (946) comments that 1 Peter provides “unmistakable examples” of the imperatival participle (see also Porter 1999; S. Snyder, 197–98). Most commentators find examples of independent imperatival participles within 1 Peter, with Achtemeier being an important exception. , he relates the participles in 3:1, 7, 9 to the imperatives in 2:17); for this same reluctance with similar 26 1 Peter 1:13-21 solutions in 1 Peter, see Boyer as well as Winer. I do find independent imperatival participles in 1 Peter (as well as dependent participles of attendant circumstance that modify imperatives and take on their imperatival force).